Gynecology is the branch of medicine devoted to women's health, especially of the reproductive system, including the breasts, and pelvic organs such as the ovaries, uterus, vulva, and vagina. It is important for women of all ages to get a yearly gynecological checkup, which involves a thorough pelvic exam and breast exam. Women between 21 and 65 should get a Pap test every three years (more often if a Pap test is abnormal). The reason this exam is so important is because women cannot see or feel their pelvic organs easily and may be uncertain of what normal breast tissue feels like.
A healthy reproductive system is essential for good health as any disease in the pelvic area can significantly affect a woman's quality of life—including the ability to get pregnant, maintain a pregnancy, maintain a job (menstrual pain accounts for a lot of missed work), have healthy sexual relationships, and to be able to do enjoyable physical activities.
Other gynecological services include:
Sexually transmitted infection treatment and prevention
Menstrual pain management
Pelvic pain assessment and management
Gynecological cancer screening
Fibrocystic breast treatment